Carnelian is a vibrant and translucent variety of chalcedony, which is a type of microcrystalline quartz. Known for its warm reddish-orange to reddish-brown hues, carnelian has been used for centuries in jewelry, amulets, and ornamental items. Here’s more about carnelian:
- Color: Carnelian’s most recognizable feature is its range of warm colors, including shades of reddish-orange, orange, and brown. The intensity of the color can vary, and some carnelian specimens might have banding or color zoning.
- Composition: Carnelian is primarily composed of silicon dioxide, like all quartz varieties. The color is due to iron impurities within the crystal structure.
- Translucency: Carnelian is typically translucent, allowing light to pass through to varying degrees. This translucency contributes to its attractive appearance, especially when the stone is cut and polished.
- Hardness: With a hardness of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale, carnelian is relatively durable and well-suited for use in jewelry.
- Symbolism and Beliefs: Carnelian has a rich history of cultural significance and symbolism. It has been associated with courage, motivation, vitality, and protection. In ancient times, it was often worn as a talisman to ward off negativity and bring good fortune.